程 海 教授 Prof. Hai Cheng

AGU 会士

西安交通大学 全球环境变化研究院

美国明尼苏达大学 地球科学系


Institute of Global Environmental Change

Xi'an Jiaotong University

Address: No.1 West Building, Xi'an Jiaotong University Qujiang Campus, No.99 Yanxiang Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China

Tel: 86-29-83395119

E-mail: cheng021@xjtu.edu.cn

Lab Website: http://isotope.xjtu.edu.cn






        程海,教授,博士生导师,AGU会士,2003年海外杰青。 1982年毕业于南京大学地质系地球化学专业,1985年中国地质科学院矿床学硕士,1988年南京大学地球化学博士。此后,为中国科学院地质研究所博士后、助理研究员、日本京都大学和澳大利亚麦考瑞大学访问研究员。1993年后在美国明尼苏达大学同位素实验室做业务主管和资深研究员。2010年以来,任西安交通大学全球环境变化研究院教授,2015入选国际地球化学协会和欧洲地球化学协会会士(Geochemical Fellow),2017年入选美国地球物理联合会会士AGU Fellow程海在高精度质谱同位素测量技术领域,发展了国际先进水平的U系质谱测量技术,包括230Th231PaTIMSMC-ICPMS测年方法、U-Th标准、230Th-234U-238U久期平衡标准以及相关同位素半衰期的精准测定。提供了许多重要和精确的晚第四纪气候变化的绝对年代尺标、以及精确测量海水等地质样品中一些极微量元素及其同位素的技术方法。初步建立了重要的中-低纬度主要气候系统、特别是亚洲季风的高分辨率和精确定年的石笋同位素记录、及其与全球气候变化之间的对比关系。为不同气候系统之间的气候变化的精确对比提供了重要的年代尺标,成为理解全球气候变化,特别是全球季风气候变化的规律、机制及其与西风带和高纬度地区气候变化联系的重要基础之一,同时也为更好地识别和研究近现代气候变化异常提供了重要的自然气候变化背景。  

   在国际期刊上发表论文400 ,16Science12Nature和40余篇Nature子刊文章。论文被引用4万余次(H-因子89Google Scholar)。近来获得2014年三秦友谊奖,为陕西省政府授予来陕外国专家的最高荣誉;入选2014 Thomson Reuters: Highly Cited Researchers 2014 the World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds 20142014年获首届汤森路透中国引文桂冠奖高被引科学家奖汤森路透中国引文桂冠奖最具国际引文影响力奖,是中国15名获得最具国际引文影响力奖者中唯一来自地学领域的科学家。程海教授主持的亚洲季风的变化规律及其与全球气候变化的关系项目研究,于20166月以Article形式在Nature上发表论文“The Asian monsoon over the past 640,000 years and ice age terminations”,并入选2016年度中国高等学校十大科技进展,连续入选汤森路透/选科睿唯安2014-2019年全球高被引科学家(目前在地球科学领域排名为18),同时也入选了爱思唯尔中国高被引学者。



            Professor Cheng has over the past three decades been at the leading edge in the technical developments of U-series to address many fundamental questions in paleoclimatology, paleoceanography, and global climate change research. His most widely recognized technical achievement is his role in the improvement of U-series dating techniques in the 231Pa and 230Th dating systematics including the re-determinations of 230Th and 234U half-lives that have been widely accepted and used by the U-series community.

He is also one of world-leading experts on paleoclimate studies of speleothem worldwide, and has made many groundbreaking scientific discoveries. On the basis of state-of-the-art U-series dating techniques, he has played an important role in the reconstruction of the climate history in numerous climate domains using speleothem records, including the longest East Asian (640 ka) and Indian (280 ka) monsoon records, the longest Westerly climate records from West China (500 ka), central Asia (350 ka) and North America (335 ka), the longest record from the Amazon Basin (250 ka). The records are milestones in the paleoclimate reconstruction in their climate systems and have played an important role in understanding, correlating and calibrating global climate variability. He had played a leading role in the recent 14C calibration using speleothems, which provided a critical 14C dataset for reconstruction of atmospheric 14C back to the 14C dating limit of around 54,000 years ago. Recently, he and colleagues developed triple-oxygen-isotope analytical technique for speleothem, and obtained for the first time a set of 17Oexcess data, which provided new insights (additional to δ18O) into hydroclimate changes and underlying dynamics in many climate systems.

He has provided innumerable 230Th dates for collaborators who have made groundbreaking discoveries on paleoclimatic change on a wide range of timescales from Asia, South America, Arabia, Africa, North America, Central America, Europe, the tropical Pacific, and other locations, as well as anchoring archeological records of human evolution in China, India and elsewhere.

The broad international significance of his contributions is attested by ~430 publications, including 16 in Science and 12 in Nature, and more than 40 in Nature and Science Series Journals (H-index=89 and citations >44000, Google Scholar). He is one of “Highly Cited Researches” (2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 2018 and 2019, Thomson Reuters/Clarivate Analytics) and “Highly Cited Scholars in China” (2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019, Elsevier). His world citation rank is ~18th in the geoscience field (ESI, Web of Science).



Recent Honors:

            The Chinese National Science Fund for Distinguished Oversea Young Scholars (2003); The Gary C. Comer Abrupt Climate  Change Fellowship (2007); Thomson Reuters China Citation Laureates 2014 Highly Cited Researcher; Thomson Reuters China Citation Laureates 2014 International Citation Impact Award  (The only one from the entire Chinese geoscience community up to now); Sanqin Friendship Award (2014); Geochemical Fellow of Geochemical Society and European Association of Geochemistry (2015); Ten major scientific and technological progresses of China's colleges and Universities (2016); Highly Cited Researches (2014-2019) (Thomson Reuters/Clarivate Analytics); Highly Cited Scholars in China (2015-2019) (Elsevier); AGU Fellow (2017). Best Researcher Award of Xi’an Jiaotong University 2018. AGU Eminiani Lecture, 2019 (to honor the life and work of the renowned  paleoceanography/paleoclimate researcher)