论文期刊

Assessment of the drug loading, in vitro and in vivo release behavior of novel pH-sensitive hydrogel




作者: Kai Dong, Yalin Dong, Jianfneg Xing*
发表/完成日期: 2014-03-01
期刊名称: Drug Delivery
期卷:
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论文简介
Abstract
Abstract Context: As a glucocorticoid drug, dexamethasone has good therapeutic effects for ulcerative colitis. pH-sensitive hydrogels could make conventional changes of volume in response with different pH values. Meanwhile, they could load drugs depending on its internal three-dimensional network structure. Objective: Appropriate methods were used to improve the drug-loading capacity of hydrogel and exploring the colon-targeting character of dexamethasone hydrogel. Materials and methods: Different solvents (ethanol and 1,2-propanediol) were employed to dissolve dexamethasone as well as hydrogel monomer materials (poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether (MPEG)-poly(lactide acid)-acryloyl chloride macromonomer, itaconic acid (IA) and MPEG-methacrylate), then mixing them together to prepare hydrogel through the heat-initiated free radical polymerization method. Differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction methods were used to verify whether dexamethasone was loaded into hydrogels. In vitro drug release behavior and in vivo pharmacokinetic study were also investigated in detail. Results: Dexamethasone was successfully loaded into hydrogel, and its loading capacity was improved (5 mg/g). Both the in vitro release study and the in vivo pharmacokinetic study showed the good colon-targeting character of the pH-sensitive P(LE-IA-MEG) hydrogel (Tmax = 1.0 h, Cmax = 2.16 µg/ml of dexamethasone; Tmax = 3.9 h, Cmax = 0.43 µg/ml of dexamethasone hydrogel). Discussion: Dexamethasone could be targeted to the colon site by P(LE-IA-MEG) hydrogel, thereby improving its therapeutic effect and reduce its side effects. Conclusion: P(LE-IA-MEG) hydrogel might have great potential application in colon-targeted drug delivery systems.
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