论文期刊

Acoustical siphon effect for reducing the thickness in membrane-type metamaterials with low-frequency broadband absorption




作者: Chong Rui Liu, Jiu Hui Wu, Kuan Lu, Zi Ting Zhao, and Zhen Huang
发表/完成日期: 2018-12-10
期刊名称: Applied Acoustics
期卷: Vol.148, 2019
相关文章: Acoustical siphon effect for reducing the thickness in membrane_type metamaterials with low_frequency broadband absorption.pdf   
论文简介
Acoustical siphon effect in membrane-type metamaterials for low-frequency broadband absorption is
proposed, whose physical mechanism is further investigated by the theoretical analysis and finite element (FE) simulation. This kind of membrane-type metamaterials consists of multiple detuned units,
each of which is composed of two aluminum platelets fasten on a piece of silicone membrane above
an air cavity. For the multi-unit metamaterial illuminated by an incident plane wave with certain frequency, there exists a certain unit at resonance with maximum acoustic absorption, and meanwhile other
units nearly keep static due to the narrow absorption peak of the resonant unit. Therefore, almost the
whole incident energy can be forced to flow to this resonant unit resulting in a much enhanced vibration
and a reduced acoustic impedance that could be more matchable to air medium, and thus much more
acoustic absorption appears without increasing the unit thickness, which is called acoustical siphon effect
of the unit. On this basis, by precisely designing the acoustical siphon effect of each unit, the broadband
absorption can be obtained by a subwavelength six-unit sample in the low-frequency range of 400–
650 Hz with the maximum absorption coefficient of almost 100% and the average absorption coefficient
of about 80%, which is then verified by the corresponding experiment. The results presented here would
offer a new approach for the metamaterials design for low-frequency broadband sound absorption and
could have potential applications in controlling vibration and noise.