Basic Information

Professor, Dr. Houzhang Tan

School of Energy and Power Engineering

Xi’an Jiaotong University

Xi’an, 710049, China

Fax: 0086 29 82668703
Major Area of Research Specialization:

Basic research and engineering application of  clean coal utilization;
Efficient utilization of biomass;
Research on new technologies for energy saving and water saving;
Design and energy-saving retrofit of burners/mills/fans in thermal power plants;
Experimental and Mechanism Study on Combustion Reaction Kinetics;
Solid waste treatment and resource utilization
Recent Research Project:
(1) High Temperature Catalytic Removal of HCN from Metal Oxides in Complex Atmosphere
(2) Mechanism study on the layer crystallization slagging during the high alkali coal combustion
(3) The Investigation on Formation Mechanism and Emission Factors of Fine Particles in Coal Combustion
(4) Energy saving and clean combustion technology for industrial boiler
(5) Study on the key technologies and applications for removing PM2.5 and Hg in power plant
(6) Study on the technologies for cement kiln with low emissions
(7) Research on Key Technologies of High-efficiency Burning of Controllable High Temperature Preheating withEnergy saving and clean combustion technology for       Industrial boiler Ultra-low NOx Emission
(8) The formation mechanism and escape characteristics of PM2.5 rich in heavy metals including Ti, Fe, Ba in the process of coal combustion
Research Funding:
Principal investigation of contracts and grants totaling about 20 Million ¥ (3 Million $)



1981-1985             Bachelor in Power Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

1985-1988             Master in Fluid Machinery,  Huazhong University of Science and Technology

1995-1998             Ph.D in Thermal Engineering,  Xi’an Jiaotong University
2010-2011             Senior Visiting Scholar, University of Leeds, UK.
Houzhang Tan received a B.S. in Power Engineering from the Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 1985, an M.A.Sc. in Fluid Machinery from the Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 1988, and a Ph.D. in Thermal Engineering from the Xi’an Jiaotong University in 1998. He was the advanced researcher on coal combustion and fluid engineering in Xi’an Thermal Power Research Institute Co.,Ltd. from 1988-1995. He has undergone the postdoctor in Northwestern Polytechnical University from 1999-2000. In 2001 he joined the Department of Thermal Engineering in Xi’an Jiaotong University, as an associate professor until now.

Scientific Research




(1)  Wang, Xuebin, Adewale Adeosun, Zhongfa Hu, Zhenghang Xiao, Dishant Khatri, Tianxiang Li, Houzhang Tan, and Richard L. Axelbaum. "Effect of feedstock water leaching on ignition and PM 1.0 emission during biomass combustion in a flat-flame burner reactor." Proceedings of the Combustion Institute (2018).

(2)  Wei, Bo, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, Tao Yang, Yibin Wang, and Renhui Ruan. "Impact of complex reacting atmosphere on ash fusion characteristics and minerals conversion in coal combustion process." Combustion Science and Technology190, no. 7 (2018): 1178-1193.

(3)  Liu, Xing, Houzhang Tan, Yibin Wang, Fuxin Yang, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Milan Vujanović, and Neven Duić. "Low NO x combustion and SCR flow field optimization in a low volatile coal fired boiler." Journal of environmental management 220 (2018): 30-35.

(4)  Wang, Xuebin, Qiming Jin, Jiaye Zhang, Yan Li, Shuaishuai Li, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Milan Vujanović, Houzhang Tan, and Neven Duić. "Soot formation during polyurethane (PU) plastic pyrolysis: The effects of temperature and volatile residence time." Energy Conversion and Management 164 (2018): 353-362.

(5)  Hu, Zhongfa, Xuebin Wang, Adewale Adeosun, Renhui Ruan, and Houzhang Tan. "Aggravated fine particulate matter emissions from heating-upgraded biomass and biochar combustion: The effect of pretreatment temperature." Fuel Processing Technology 171 (2018): 1-9.

(6)  Yang, Fuxin, Xiaopo Wang, Houzhang Tan, Siyuan He, and Zhigang Liu. "Experimental investigations on the thermophysical properties of methyl myristate in alcoholic solutions." Fuel 215 (2018): 187-195.

(7)  Ruan, Renhui, Jiafan Xiao, Yongle Du, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, and Fuxin Yang. "The effect of interaction between sodium and oxides of silicon and aluminum on the formation of fine particulates during synthetic char combustion." Energy & Fuels (2018). 

(8)  Ruan, Renhui, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, Yan Li, Zhongfa Hu, Bo Wei, and Tao Yang. "Characteristics of fine particulate matter formation during combustion of lignite riched in AAEM (alkali and alkaline earth metals) and sulfur." Fuel 211 (2018): 206-213.

(9)  Deng, Shuanghui, Xuebin Wang, Jiaye Zhang, Zihan Liu, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Milan Vujanović, Houzhang Tan, and Neven Duić. "A kinetic study on the catalysis of KCl, K 2 SO 4, and K 2 CO 3 during oxy-biomass combustion." Journal of environmental management 218 (2018): 50-58.

(10) Tan, Houzhang, Yibin Wang, Ruijie Cao, Yingying Xiong, Renhui Ruan, Milan Vujanović, and Neven Duić. "Development of wet phase transition agglomerator for multi-pollutant synergistic removal." Applied Thermal Engineering130 (2018): 1208-1214.

(11) Wang, Xuebin, Shengjie Bai, Qiming Jin, Shuaishuai Li, Yukun Li, Yan Li, and Houzhang Tan. "Soot formation during biomass pyrolysis: effects of temperature, water-leaching, and gas-phase residence time." Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2018).

(12) Wang, Xuebin, Yan Li, Shengjie Bai, Qiming Jin, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Houzhang Tan, and Milan Vujanović. "Nano-Scale Soot Particle Formation During the High-Temperature Pyrolysis of Waste Plastics in an Entrained Flow Reactor." Waste and Biomass Valorization (2018): 1-10.

(13) Wei, Bo, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, Renhui Ruan, Zhongfa Hu, and Yibin Wang. "Investigation on ash deposition characteristics during Zhundong coal combustion." Journal of the Energy Institute 91, no. 1 (2018): 33-42.

(14) Wang, Xuebin, Zhongfa Hu, Guogang Wang, Xiaotao Luo, Renhui Ruan, Qiming Jin, and Houzhang Tan. "Influence of coal co-firing on the particulate matter formation during pulverized biomass combustion." Journal of the Energy Institute (2018).



(1)  Zhao, Shilin, Yufeng Duan, Ting Yao, Meng Liu, Jianhong Lu, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, and Lituo Wu. "Study on the mercury emission and transformation in an ultra-low emission coal-fired power plant." Fuel 199 (2017): 653-661.

(2)  Wei, Bo, Houzhang Tan, Yibin Wang, Xuebin Wang, Tao Yang, and Renhui Ruan. "Investigation of characteristics and formation mechanisms of deposits on different positions in full-scale boiler burning high alkali coal." Applied Thermal Engineering 119 (2017): 449-458.

(3)  Wang, Xuebin, Shuaishuai Li, Adewale Adeosun, Yan Li, Milan Vujanović, Houzhang Tan, and Neven Duić. "Effect of potassium-doping and oxygen concentration on soot oxidation in O2/CO2 atmosphere: A kinetics study by thermogravimetric analysis." Energy conversion and management 149 (2017): 686-697.

(4)  Wang, Yibin, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, Ruijie Cao, and Bo Wei. "The condensation and thermodynamic characteristics of alkali compound vapors on wall during wheat straw combustion." Fuel 187 (2017): 33-42.

(5)  Cao, Ruijie, Houzhang Tan, Yingying Xiong, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Milan Vujanović, Xuebin Wang, and Neven Duić. "Improving the removal of particles and trace elements from coal-fired power plants by combining a wet phase transition agglomerator with wet electrostatic precipitator." Journal of cleaner production 161 (2017): 1459-1465.

(6)  Xiong, Yingying, Houzhang Tan, Yibin Wang, Weigang Xu, Hrvoje Mikulčić, and Neven Duić. "Pilot-scale study on water and latent heat recovery from flue gas using fluorine plastic heat exchangers." Journal of Cleaner Production 161 (2017): 1416-1422.

(7)  Wang, Yibin, Houzhang Tan, Kun Dong, Hexin Liu, Jiafan Xiao, and Junjie Zhang. "Study of ash fouling on the blade of induced fan in a 330 MW coal-fired power plant with ultra-low pollutant emission." Applied Thermal Engineering 118 (2017): 283-291.

(8)  Wang, Yibin, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, Wenzhi Du, Hrvoje Mikulčić, and Neven Duić. "Study on extracting available salt from straw/woody biomass ashes and predicting its slagging/fouling tendency." Journal of cleaner production155 (2017): 164-171.

(9)  Deng, Shuanghui, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, Fuxin Yang, Ruijie Cao, Zhao Wang, and Renhui Ruan. "Investigation on the fast co-pyrolysis of sewage sludge with biomass and the combustion reactivity of residual char." Bioresource technology 239 (2017): 302-310.

(10) Wang, Xuebin, Renhui Ruan, Tao Yang, Adewale Adeosun, Limeng Zhang, Bo Wei, Houzhang Tan, and Richard L. Axelbaum. "Sulfate Removal by Kaolin Addition To Address Fouling in a Full-Scale Furnace Burning High-Alkaline Zhundong Coal." Energy & Fuels 31, no. 11 (2017): 12823-12830.

(11) Perković, Luka, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Luka Pavlinek, Xuebin Wang, Milan Vujanović, Houzhang Tan, Jakov Baleta, and Neven Duić. "Coupling of cleaner production with a day-ahead electricity market: a hypothetical case study." Journal of cleaner production 143 (2017): 1011-1020.

(12) Tong, Zi-Xiang, Ming-Jia Li, Ya-Ling He, and Hou-Zhang Tan. "Simulation of real time particle deposition and removal processes on tubes by coupled numerical method." Applied Energy 185 (2017): 2181-2193.

(13) Mikulcic, H., Eberhard von Berg, Xuebin Wang, M. Vujanovic, Houzhang Tan, and N. Duic. "Using an Advanced Numerical Technique for Improving Pulverized Coal Combustion inside an Industrial Furnace." Chemical Engineering Transactions 61 (2017): 235-240.

(14) Wang, Xuebin, Zhongfa Hu, Adewale Adeosun, Bin Liu, Renhui Ruan, Shuaishuai Li, and Houzhang Tan. "Particulate matter emission and K/S/Cl transformation during biomass combustion in an entrained flow reactor." Journal of the Energy Institute (2017).

(15) Jin, Qiming, Xuebin Wang, Shuaishuai Li, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Tibor Bešenić, Shuanghui Deng, Milan Vujanović, Houzhang Tan, and Benjamin M. Kumfer. "Synergistic effects during co-pyrolysis of biomass and plastic: gas, tar, soot, char products and thermogravimetric study." Journal of the Energy Institute(2017).

(16) Yang, Fuxin, Xiaopo Wang, Houzhang Tan, and Zhigang Liu. "Improvement the viscosity of imidazolium-based ionic liquid using organic solvents for biofuels." Journal of Molecular Liquids 248 (2017): 626-633.

(17) Zhu, Yiming, Hao Zhang, Yanqing Niu, Haitao Xu, Xiao Zhang, Shi’en Hui, and Houzhang Tan. "Experiment Study on Ash Fusion Characteristics of Cofiring Straw and Sawdust." Energy & Fuels 32, no. 1 (2017): 525-531.

(18) Wang, Xuebin, Zhao Wang, Ya Dai, Kuoyan Ma, Lijun Zhu, and Houzhang Tan. "Thermogravimetric study on the flue‐cured tobacco leaf pyrolysis and combustion using a distributed activation energy model." Asia‐Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering 12, no. 1 (2017): 75-84.


(1)  Niu, Yanqing, Houzhang Tan, and Shi'en Hui. "Ash-related issues during biomass combustion: Alkali-induced slagging, silicate melt-induced slagging (ash fusion), agglomeration, corrosion, ash utilization, and related countermeasures." Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 52 (2016): 1-61.
(2)  Wang, Xuebin, Shuanghui Deng, Houzhang Tan, Adewale Adeosun, Milan Vujanović, Fuxin Yang, and Neven Duić. "Synergetic effect of sewage sludge and biomass co-pyrolysis: a combined study in thermogravimetric analyzer and a fixed bed reactor." Energy Conversion and Management 118 (2016): 399-405.
(3)  Wei, Bo, Xuebin Wang, Houzhang Tan, Limeng Zhang, Yibin Wang, and Zhao Wang. "Effect of silicon–aluminum additives on ash fusion and ash mineral conversion of Xinjiang high-sodium coal." Fuel 181 (2016): 1224-1229.
(4)  Deng, Shuanghui, Xuebin Wang, Houzhang Tan, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Fuxin Yang, Zhifeng Li, and Neven Duić. "Thermogravimetric study on the co-combustion characteristics of oily sludge with plant biomass." Thermochimica acta 633 (2016): 69-76.
(5)  Zhao, Shilin, Yufeng Duan, Houzhang Tan, Meng Liu, Xuebin Wang, Lituo Wu, Chenping Wang et al. "Migration and emission characteristics of trace elements in a 660 MW coal-fired power plant of China." Energy & Fuels 30, no. 7 (2016): 5937-5944.
(6)  Mikulčić, Hrvoje, Eberhard Von Berg, Milan Vujanović, Xuebin Wang, Houzhang Tan, and Neven Duić. "Numerical evaluation of different pulverized coal and solid recovered fuel co-firing modes inside a large-scale cement calciner." Applied energy184 (2016): 1292-1305.
(7)  Niu, Yanqing, Zhizhou Wang, Yiming Zhu, Xiaolu Zhang, Houzhang Tan, and Shi’en Hui. "Experimental evaluation of additives and K2O–SiO2–Al2O3 diagrams on high-temperature silicate melt-induced slagging during biomass combustion." Fuel 179 (2016): 52-59.
(8)  Yang, Tao, Xuebin Wang, Houzhang Tan, Bo Wei, Shuanghui Deng, Limeng Zhang, and Huiyan Zhang. "Existence and release of sodium in Zhundong coal: effects of treating temperature and silica additives." International journal of oil, gas and coal technology 11, no. 1 (2016): 63-74.
(9)  Zhao, Shilin, Yufeng Duan, Chenping Wang, Meng Liu, Jianhong Lu, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, and Lituo Wu. "Migration behavior of trace elements at a coal-fired power plant with different boiler loads." Energy & Fuels 31, no. 1 (2016): 747-754.
(10) Zhang, Lan, Zhongfa Hu, Juan Chen, Xuebin Wang, Bo Wei, and Houzhang Tan. "The Promotion Mechanism of Silicon–Aluminum on the Decomposition of Sulfates in Biomass Ash." In Clean Coal Technology and Sustainable Development, pp. 603-607. Springer, Singapore, 2016.
(11) Wang, Xuebin, Hongying Wu, Shuanghui Deng, Lan Zhang, Bo Wei, and Houzhang Tan. "A Mechanism Study on the Decomposition of Sulfate in Zhundong Coal with High Sulfur Content in Coal Ash." In Clean Coal Technology and Sustainable Development, pp. 101-106. Springer, Singapore, 2016.
(12) Wei, Bo, Xuebin Wang, Xiaobing Qi, Yibin Wang, Zhongfa Hu, and Houzhang Tan. "Mechanisms of Inorganic Element Transfer During Zhundong Coal Combustion in Drop Tube Furnace." In Clean Coal Technology and Sustainable Development, pp. 95-99. Springer, Singapore, 2016.
(13) Hu, Zhongfa, Lan Zhang, Qinglian Sang, Xuebin Wang, Zhao Wang, and Houzhang Tan. "Mechanism Investigation on the Sulfation of Condensed Sodium Chloride at 523–1023 K." In Clean Coal Technology and Sustainable Development, pp. 87-93. Springer, Singapore, 2016.
(1)  Wang, Xuebin, Zhaoxia Xu, Bo Wei, Lan Zhang, Houzhang Tan, Tao Yang, Hrvoje Mikulčić, and Neven Duić. "The ash deposition mechanism in boilers burning Zhundong coal with high contents of sodium and calcium: a study from ash evaporating to condensing." Applied Thermal Engineering 80 (2015): 150-159.
(2)  Wang, Xuebin, Zhongfa Hu, Shuanghui Deng, Yibin Wang, and Houzhang Tan. "Kinetics investigation on the combustion of biochar in O2/CO2 atmosphere." Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy 34, no. 3 (2015): 923-932.
(3)  Niu, Yanqing, Yiming Zhu, Houzhang Tan, Xuebin Wang, Shi’en Hui, and Wenzhi Du. "Experimental study on the coexistent dual slagging in biomass-fired furnaces: Alkali-and silicate melt-induced slagging." Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 35, no. 2 (2015): 2405-2413.
(4)  Wang, Yufeng, Xuebin Wang, Zhongfa Hu, Yan Li, Shuanghui Deng, Ben Niu, and Houzhang Tan. "NO emissions and combustion efficiency during biomass co-firing and air-staging." BioResources 10, no. 3 (2015): 3987-3998.
(5)  Deng, Shuanghui, Xuebin Wang, Houzhang Tan, Hrvoje Mikulčić, Zhifeng Li, Ruijie Cao, Zhao Wang, and Milan Vujanović. "Experimental and modeling study of the long cylindrical oily sludge drying process." Applied thermal engineering 91 (2015): 354-362.
(6)  Wang, Xuebin, Xinmin Wang, Houzhang Tan, Zhongfa Hu, Shuanghui Deng, and Yan Li. "Removal of Hydrogen Cyanide by Using Activated Carbon: The Effect of Adsorption Condition and Chemical Modification." Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy 9, no. 6 (2015): 545-552.
(7)  Wang, Yibin, Xuebin Wang, Houzhang Tan, Wenzhi Du, and Xiaodi Qu. "Extraction and quantitation of various potassium salts in straw ash." Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy 34, no. 2 (2015): 333-338.
(8)  Niu, Yanqing, Xing Liu, Yiming Zhu, Houzhang Tan, and Xuebin Wang. "Combustion characteristics of a four-wall tangential firing pulverized coal furnace." Applied Thermal Engineering 90 (2015): 471-477.
(9)  Deng, Shuanghui, Xuebin Wang, Houzhang Tan, Yan Li, Zhongfa Hu, and Ben Niu. "Optimization of Operating Conditions of a Household Up-draft Biomass Gasification Stove." BioResources 10, no. 3 (2015): 4178-4190.
(10) Liu, Haiyu, Houzhang Tan, Xiaohe Xiong, Lin Ma, Yang Miao, and Tongmo Xu. "Development and Application of A Coal Combustion Life Cycle On-line Monitoring System." Energy Engineering 112, no. 1 (2015): 28-46.
(1)  Niu, Yanqing, Yiming Zhu, Houzhang Tan, Shien Hui, Zhao Jing, and Weigang Xu. "Investigations on biomass slagging in utility boiler: Criterion numbers and slagging growth mechanisms." Fuel Processing Technology 128 (2014): 499-508.
(2)  Liu, Yuanyi, Xuebin Wang, Yingying Xiong, Houzhang Tan, and Yanqing Niu. "Study of briquetted biomass co-firing mode in power plants." Applied Thermal Engineering 63, no. 1 (2014): 266-271.
(3)  Xiong, Yingying, Yanqing Niu, Houzhang Tan, Yuanyi Liu, and Xuebin Wang. "Experimental study of a zero water consumption wet FGD system." Applied Thermal Engineering63, no. 1 (2014): 272-277.
(4)  Hu, Zhongfa, Xuebin Wang, Zhao Wang, Yibin Wang, and Houzhang Tan. "Segmented Kinetic Investigation on Condensed KCl Sulfation in SO2/O2/H2O at 523–1023 K." Energy & Fuels 28, no. 12 (2014): 7560-7568.
(5)  Wang, Xuebin, Houzhang Tan, Weiping Yan, Xiaolin Wei, Yanqing Niu, Shien Hui, and Tongmo Xu. "Determining the optimum coal concentration in a general tangential-fired furnace with rich-lean burners: from a bench-scale to a pilot-scale study." Applied Thermal Engineering 73, no. 1 (2014): 371-379.
(6)  Wang, Xuebin, Zhongfa Hu, Shuanghui Deng, Yibing Wang, Bo Wei, and Houzhang Tan. "Investigation on the synergetic effect of biomass co-firing in the atmosphere of O2/CO2." Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy 8, no. 5 (2014): 481-488.
(7)  Niu, Yanqing, Yiming Zhu, Houzhang Tan, Shien Hui, Jenny M. Jones, and Yuanyi Liu. "A calculation method of biomass slagging rate based on crystallization theory." Asia‐Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering 9, no. 3 (2014): 456-463.
(8)  Xiong, Yingying, Xuebin Wang, Limeng Zhang, Zhongfa Hu, Yanqing Niu, and Houzhang Tan. "Conversion Mechanism of Toxic Hydrogen Cyanide by Magnesium Oxide at High Temperatures." Asian Journal of Chemistry 26, no. 2 (2014).
(9)  Yuanyi, Liu, Tan Houzhang, Xu Weigang, Wei Bo, and Cao Ruijie. "Study on the influence of dust on CO/H2 deflagration characteristic." Procedia Engineering 84 (2014): 460-466.
(1)  Niu, Yanqing, Wenzhi Du, Houzhang Tan, Weigang Xu, Yuanyi Liu, Yingying Xiong, and Shien Hui. "Further study on biomass ash characteristics at elevated ashing temperatures: The evolution of K, Cl, S and the ash fusion characteristics." Bioresource technology 129 (2013): 642-645.
(2)  Sun, Peng, Shi'en Hui, Zhenxing Gao, Qulan Zhou, Houzhang Tan, Qinxin Zhao, and Tongmo Xu. "Experimental investigation on the combustion and heat transfer characteristics of wide size biomass co-firing in 0.2 MW circulating fluidized bed." Applied Thermal Engineering 52, no. 2 (2013): 284-292.
(3)  Zhao, Shuai, Shien Hui, Ling Liang, Qulan Zhou, Qinxin Zhao, Na Li, Houzhang Tan, and Tongmo Xu. "Effect of the momentum flux ratio of vertical to horizontal component on coal combustion in an arch-fired furnace with upper furnace over-fire air." Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 45 (2013): 180-186.
(4)  Niu, Yanqing, Yuanyi Liu, Houzhang Tan, Yingying Xiong, and Tongmo Xu. "Origination and formation of NH4Cl in biomass-fired furnace." Fuel processing technology 106 (2013): 262-266.
(5)  Wang, Xuebin, Weigang Xu, Limeng Zhang, Zhongfa Hu, Houzhang Tan, Yingying Xiong, and Tongmo Xu. "Char characteristics from the pyrolysis of straw, wood and coal at high temperatures." Journal of Biobased Materials and Bioenergy 7, no. 6 (2013): 675-683.
(6)  Liu, Haiyu, Houzhang Tan, Xiaohe Xiong, Linzhi Yao, Yanqing Niu, Yang Liu, and Tongmo Xu. "Prediction of calorific value of coal using real power plant data." In Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World, pp. 705-711. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
(7)  Xu, Weigang, Yanqing Niu, Houzhang Tan, Denghui Wang, Wenzhi Du, and Shien Hui. "A new agro/forestry residues co-firing model in a large pulverized coal furnace: Technical and economic assessments." Energies 6, no. 9 (2013): 4377-4393.
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