||In this study, we analyzed the trend of historic preservation system in the world and especially compared Chinese and Japanese preservation systems of the traditional village because Japanese preservation system had been a pioneer in various fields of preservation. By comparing we will provide reference to China or other Asian countries on preservation system of traditional villages by finding their similarities, differences and issues by literature research. In addition, we explored the possibility of sustainable preservation and classified the preservation types by literature research and semi structured in Shaanxi province, China. We cleared that the type is an ideal state which both shows the trend of living-oriented and develop the tourism adequately. Finally, we selected lingquan village as research object which is one type of living & partial tourism and explored the division of old town and new town, pointed out the related problems based on an extensive field survey.