|Regulation of Ion Permeation of the KcsA Channel by Applied Midinfrared Field
|Yize Wang,Hongguang Wang*,Wen Ding,Xiaofei Zhao,Yongdong Li,andChunliang Liu
|International Journal of Molecular Sciences
|Ion transport molecules are involved in many physiological and pathological processes and are considered potential targets for cancer treatment. In the large family of ion transport molecules, potassium (K) ion channels, as surface-expressed proteins, show the highest variability and most frequent expression changes in many tumor types. The key to exploring the permeation of K+ through potassium channels lies in the conserved sequence TVGYG, which is common in the selectivity filter (SF) region of all potassium channels. We found that the K+ flux significantly increased with the help of a specific frequency terahertz electromagnetic wave (51.87 THz) in the KcsA channel using a molecular dynamics combined model through the combined simulation of the constant electric field method and ion imbalance method. This frequency has the strongest absorption peak in the infrared spectrum of -C=O groups in the SF region. With the applied electric field of 51.87 THz, the Y78 residue at the S1 site of the SF has a smaller vibration amplitude and a more stable structure, which enables the K+ to bind closely with the carbonyl oxygen atoms in the SF and realize ion conduction in a more efficient direct Coulomb knock-on.